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How I Write An IELTS Task 2 "Causes/Effects" Essay

 

***IELTS SAY DO NOT USE A TEMPLATE - THEREFORE, DO NOT COPY DIRECTLY IN YOUR EXAM - TRY TO CHANGE THE STRUCTURE / VOCABULARY  AS IS PRACTICAL AND "MAKE IT YOUR OWN"***

 

Synonyms1

Spend a few minutes making synonyms for all the key essay question vocabulary

Paragraphing2

Use 4 paragraphs and make each paragraph 4 sentences

Complexity3

Make the first word of each sectence complex and the first word of the task especially so, if possible.

1st paragraph =4

a. Introduce topic and try to separate into two sections: causes and effects.

b. Intro causes

c. Intro effects.

d. Say important.

2nd paragraph =5

e. Statement 1 causes.

f. Example 1 causes.

g. Statement 2 causes.

h. Example 2 causes.

3rd paragraph = 6

i. Statement 3 effects.

j. Example 3 effects.

k. Statement 4 effects.

l. Example 4 effects.

4th paragraph =7

m. Concluding sentence.

n. Summary paragraph 2.

o. Summary paragraph 3.

p. My opinion and talking about the future.

Guide8

Key words for each/most essays are highlighted.

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Example IELTS Task 2 Causes/EffectsExample IELTS Task 2 Causes/Effects

 

"Car congestion is increasing in many areas - what are the causes and outcomes?"

 

aConsidering this issue, it is apparent that vehicle congestion has been increasing, and there are various causalities and effects of this. bRegarding some reasons, it is evident that many citizens have both a need and ability to purchase vehicles. cAdditionally, it is equally apparent that the outcomes of this can result in greater pollution and inefficiency for transport systems. dClearly, in our ever-changing society, this is a key issue for our times.
eInitially, from the one direction we can note that many individuals must travel around for their work. fIllustrating this, it can be seen how some people may travel hours every day. gMoreover, it is also apparent that with greater salaries, people can buy things that would have been very costly for their predecessors. hDemonstrating this, it is the case, that in some countries people may have three or more cars just for one person, on occasion.
iFurthermore, it is clear that with greater congestion comes increased pollution. jExemplifying thissome cities are hugely polluted, such as Delhi. kBesides this issue, we can note that through slow travel, great inefficiency can increase. lDisplaying this situation, we can note that many commuters may waste hours stuck in traffic.
mSumming up, It is apparent that this topic is multifaceted.nClearly from the one point of view, there are reasons behind this issue, which are pressing. oMeanwhile as regards the outcomes, evidently there are requirements pertaining to people's choices. pConerning my opinion, I think that governments should actively work on solving this situation and in future, no doubt this issue will continue to be of global relevance.